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基于智能电表的电器用电量分类计量方法研究
2020年信息技术与网络安全第2期
梅凯1,蔡高琰2,骆德汉1,梁炳基2
(1.广东工业大学 信息工程学院,广东 广州 510006; 2.广东浩迪创新科技有限公司,广东 佛山 528200)
摘要: 随着电力需求侧对于用电管理的重视度提升,只提供用户总电量计量的电表已无法满足人们的要求,为此,开创性地提出了在通用电表上实现用电器用电量分类计量方法。该方法利用电表的数据采集及处理功能获取用电器特征后,将该暂态告警信息上传至云端与预先建立的SVM模型进行类别匹配,从而判定用电器类型及相应的用户操作,同时将识别结果及告警时间存入数据库,后续通过分类计量策略实现各类用电器单独的耗能量计算。实例验证了该方法的准确性及可靠性,该方法具有较大实际应用价值。
中图分类号:TP391.4
文献标识码:A
DOI: 10.19358/j.issn.2096-5133.2020.02.012
引用格式:梅凯,蔡高琰,骆德汉,等.基于智能电表的电器用电量分类计量方法研究[J].信息技术与网络安全,2020,39(2):62-68.
Research on electricity consumption classification and measurment method based on smart meter
Mei Kai1,Cai Gaoyan2,Luo Dehan1,Liang Bingji2
(1.School of Information Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology,Guangzhou 510006,China; 2.Hodi Technology Co.Ltd.,Foshan 528200,China)
Abstract: With the increasing attention of power demand side to power consumption management, the electric meter that only provides the total electricity consumption of the users can no longer meet the requirements of people.Therefore, this paper creatively put forward a method that realized the classification of the electricity consumption of the electric appliance on the universal electric meter.After obtaining the characteristics of the electrical appliance by using the data collection and processing function of the electric meter,the transient alarm information is uploaded to the cloud and matched with the preestablished SVM model for class matching,thereby the type of the electrical appliance and the corresponding user operation can be determined,and simultaneously the identification results and alert time are stored in the database.The energy consumption calculation of each type of electrical appliances is realized through the classification measurement strategy.The accuracy and reliability of the method are verified by examples. This method has great practical application value.
Key words : load identification;smart meter;power demand side management;SVM;classification and measurment

0     引言

智能电表是智能电网建设的基石,也是各家各户用电计量终端及用电信息中转站,为实现需求侧管理提供了重要保障。当前,智能电表已经实现分时计量策略,即按高峰用电和低谷用电分别计算电费,但提供的信息有限,虽能在一定程度上规范用户合理用电,但还未实现家用电器用电的分类计量,不能向电力管理部门及用户提供各类用电器的用电明细。





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作者信息:

梅凯1,蔡高琰2,骆德汉1,梁炳基2

(1.广东工业大学 信息工程学院,广东 广州 510006;2.广东浩迪创新科技有限公司,广东 佛山 528200)


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